The Persian Cat: Cat Breed Profile

Posted in: Cat Breeds - Last Updated: January 28, 2022 - Author: Laraib Shah
Posted in Cat Breeds 
Last Updated: November 27, 2021  
Author:  Laraib Shah
two persian cats. white and brown cats

A cute couch potato is what comes to everyone’s mind when hearing about the Persian breed of cats. But everyone knows very little about this furball. Persian cats are much more than what everyone perceives them to be. 

In my opinion, Persian cats are one of the most intelligent and graceful cats ever found (slightly biased opinion because I think Persian cats are super cute).

You can find so many different types of Persian cats because of the selective breeding carried out by the breeders. This selective breeding has many advantages but it also has many disadvantages. This process has caused certain Persian cats to become flat-faced. The changes in the head structures can cause several health problems.

A Brief History of Persian Cats

So, one of the biggest questions when it comes to Persian cats’ history is where did this cat breed come from? It is not clear to anyone how Persian cats came into existence but the first documented Persian cat was imported from Iran to Italy by Pietro Della Valle in 1620. 

Iran’s former name was Persia, so now we know why this breed is known as Persian breed. Moreover, around the same time, these cats were also imported from Ankara and Turkey to France.

The cats imported from Iran had a beautiful grey coat, while the ones from Ankara had a pure white coat. After some time, Persian cats were then brought to Britain from France. Although history tells us that these cats are from Iran, recent research shows that these cats are not related to cats from the near east but they are related to cats from Western Europe.

Persian Cat Breed Overview

Persian cats are quite graceful and elegant. Even their walking style is artistic. Their walk flaunts their cutest fur and hair. No doubt because of all this, they are considered as pure royalty. But there is much more to these beautiful cats than their beautiful long hair.

  • Weight: An average Persian cat weighs around 12 pounds (5 to 6 KGs)
  • Length: An average Persian cat has a body length of 14.5” to 17.5” (37 to 44 cm)
  • Coat: Persian cats have a long and thick fur
  • Coat color: The common colors are black, cream, blue, red (cameo), blue-cream smoke, and smoke tortoiseshell.
  • Eye color: Eye color ranges between copper, blue, odd-eyed blue, green, hazel, and blue-green.
  • Life expectancy: The lifespan of an average Persian cat is 10 to 17 years.

Characteristics and Attitude of Persian Cats

Just as they look like pure royalty, they act like pure royalty as well! Persian cats are the best option if you want a lap cat to snuggle with. Persian cats are generally quiet and they don’t require a lot of attention from their human parents. But this doesn’t mean that they don’t get annoyed! You have to take care of their comfort as they don’t like noisy places.

Persian Cat Characteristics & Attitudes

  • Friendliness: High
  • Affection level: High
  • Child friendly: High
  • Pet friendly: Medium
  • Playfulness: Low
  • Energy level: Medium
  • Exercise requirements: Medium
  • Intelligence: Medium
  • Tendency to vocalize: Low
  • Shedding: High

Persian Cat Breed Care

Persian cats are one of the highest maintenance cats in a sense of grooming. If you are planning to adopt a Persian kitten then you must remember that daily grooming is essential for this breed. 

Their long and beautiful fur will not stay clean on its own. You must invest a specific time of your day to make sure that your fur baby’s coat is clean and tangle-free. Combing the fur daily is very important along with regular bathing.

Another thing that you must take care of is the litter box of your fur buddy. Litter easily becomes lodged in the paws and coat of a Persian cat. If the litter box and your fur buddy are not kept clean then it is most likely that your cat will stop using the box and you'll find yourself asking, 'why does my cat poop on the floor?'!

Tearing is another problem that is widely seen in this breed. You must wipe the corners of your cat’s eyes daily to keep them tidy and to prevent excessive tearing. No matter what breed of cat you have, oral health is very important. Clean the teeth of your Persian cat daily to prevent periodontal disease.

It is better to keep your Persian cat as an indoor cat. Persians are not very social with other animals. Moreover, they usually cannot defend themselves against other cats, dogs, or any other animal. 

Another reason that you must keep your Persian cat inside is that its fur is not meant to have dirt or leaves stuck on it.  With this, if you let your Persian stroll outside then you will have to invest more time in grooming.

Persian Cat Breed Common Health Issues

Persians are highly prone to several health issues that are usually related to their facial structure. As discussed before, selective breeding by the breeders has caused flat-faced Persian cats. The most common health problems are:

  • Constricted Nostrils: This can cause breathing difficulty or noisy breathing.
  • Dental Malocclusions: This means that the teeth of Persian cats usually don’t mesh well together.
  • Excessive Tearing: High production of tears cause excessive tearing in Persian cats.
  • Cherry Eye and Entropion: These are specific eye conditions that might appear in Persian cats.
  • Heat Sensitivity: Due to the long coat, Persians are highly sensitive towards heat.
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease: This kidney disease is quite common in Persian for which genetic test is usually available.
  • Fungal Infection: Predisposition to ringworm.
  • Seborrhea oleosa: This is a skin condition that may cause hair loss, itchiness, or redness.
long haired white persian cat white eyes

Recommended diets for Persian Cats

Persian cats are not so picky about what they want to eat in general. These cats can eat several types of homemade cat meals. They usually eat turkey, chicken, fish, and other seafood happily. So, you don’t have to worry about making special meals for your Persian cat as they love eating protein.

With this, you must keep a balanced diet for your Persian cat. Just as other cat breeds, Persians are also prone to obesity. So, you must consult a good vet to get an opinion about the meal portions that you give to your Persian cat each day.

Persian Cat Pros & Cons



  • A beautiful long coat that is delightful to feel.
  • Doesn’t require much attention from the human parent.
  • Affectionate and loyal.
  • Less vocal and calm.
  • Doesn’t bite or scratch often.
  • Not easily annoyed by any change.


  • Daily grooming is necessary to keep the coat clean and tangle-free.
  • Too much shedding.
  • Strong-willed and rarely obeys commands.
  • Strong-willed and rarely obeys commands.
  • Not welcoming to everyone.

Some Helpful Facts

Every Persian cat is not the same, but all of them are calm and quiet. They are considered a couch potato that will stay in your lap for hours. Here are some interesting facts about Persian cats that you must know:

  • Persian breed participated in the world’s first cat show.
  • Apart from all the grooming, they are considered as one of the lowest maintenance cat breeds.
  • Persian’s faces haven’t always been flat, selective breeding resulted in flat-faced Persian cats.
  • Persian cats are quite similar to Turkish Angoras.
  • They are one of the most recognizable breeds across the globe due to their long coat.

Final Thoughts on the Persian Cat Breed

Persian cats are one of the most beautiful creatures on this planet, but they require a lot of grooming as well. A Persian cat can easily lose its charm if you don’t groom it well. But the fact that these cats don’t require a lot of attention makes it easier for human parents to manage their grooming routines.

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About the author

Laraib Shah is a freelance writer and a proud cat mom who shares her home with an exceptionally perfect cat named Simba. As an experienced cat mom, she is the trusted authority on cat care and cat breeds for the team. Apart from cats, Laraib loves cooking, travelling plus cookies, ice cream, and coffee!