The Sphynx Cat: Cat Breed Profile

Posted in: Cat Breeds - Last Updated: January 14, 2022 - Author: Rebekah Carter
Posted in Cat Breeds 
Last Updated: December 9, 2020  
Author:  Rebekah Carter
cat breed sphynx

Best known for the almost hairless coat, The Sphynx cat breed are among the most unusual cat breeds available today – and one of the most interesting. Feline Sphinxes were named for the legendary sphinx in Egypt, although the name is spelled a little differently. Despite a regal appearance, the Sphynx cat breed is a goofy and playful cat that often acts like a loyal dog. 

These amazing kitties don’t take themselves too seriously, and they love looking for ways to entertain their humans. If you’re thinking of adopting a Sphynx kitten, you should know now that they will demand a lot of love and affection, but they have a lot to give back in return.

A Quick History of the Sphynx Cat Breed

The Sphynx cat breed might look like it comes from ancient Egypt, but it’s a breed that hails from Canada – Toronto, to be specific. The Sphynx cat breed has a sophisticated, but unusual appearance, with an almost complete lack of fur. These animals make for fantastic cuddle buddies, because they’re always seeking out people and other pets for warmth. 

In 1966, the Sphynx cat arrived in the world thanks to a random genetic mutation. Breeders took a liking to the appearance of the new hairless cat and started to breed individuals that would produce hairless kittens. Originally, the felines had the name the “Canadian hairless,” but it made its way to America and eventually found the “Sphynx” title.

The Sphynx cat breed earned the recognition of the International Cat Association and the Cat Fanciers Association in the early 2000s, and they’re also popular among a lot of independent cat clubs. However, there are some feline registries that won’t recognize this cat, because they know it’s look comes from a genetic abnormality. 

Sphynx Cat Breed Overview

Sphynx cats are best-known for their ultra-short coat, which makes them look almost hairless. However, these special cats aren’t fully furless. You can find kitties with unique patterns and colors on their fur too.

hairless cat
  • Weight: Up to 12 pounds
  • Length: 8 to 15 inches
  • Coat: Very short (almost bald)
  • Coat color: White, blue, red, black, cream, cameo, golden, blue-cream, tortoiseshell, brown and silver.
  • Eye color: Vivid blue, green, and multi-colored. Some gold 
  • Life expectancy: 8-14 years

Characteristics / Attitude of the Sphynx Cat Breed

The Sphynx cat breed isn’t just special for its striking appearance, with wrinkled hairless skin and massive ears – these kitties are also unique for their personality too. With a sleek muscular body and wide-set eyes, these animals look elegant, but they’re often very playful and silly, constantly getting involved in various bizarre antics. 

Although the Sphynx cat breed might seem to be bald at first, you’ll find on closer inspection that they usually have a short coat of fuzz that gives them a suede-like feel.

Sphynx Characteristics & Attitudes

  • Friendliness: High
  • Affection level: High
  • Child friendly: Medium
  • Pet friendly: High
  • Playfulness: High
  • Energy level: High
  • Exercise requirements: Low
  • Intelligence: High
  • Tendency to vocalize: High
  • Shedding: Low

Sphynx Cat Breed Care

The Sphynx is an energetic and playful cat that loves having fun with its humans. Many pet owners praise these kitties for being friendly, loving, and full of surprises. Usually, you’ll find these cats following humans around the house, snuggling up, or hanging out with other pets. Sphynx cats even wag their tails like dogs!

Playful athletes and active individuals, the Sphynx cat breed doesn’t mind entertaining itself for hours at a time, so you don’t have to worry about exercise too much. However, you might find that your Sphynx is happier if they have a buddy to play with. A dog is just as appealing to a Sphynx as another feline!

Sphynx cats love jumping and playing, and they’re intelligent enough to learn tricks like fetching. They respond well to positive reinforcement training too. 

One thing that may surprise you about the Sphynx cat breed is that they do demand a lot of grooming – even if they seem to be practically hairless. Because there’s no fur to absorb the oils on your cat’s skin, it needs to be groomed regularly to maintain the right balance and prevent skin problems. You’ll need to bathe your cat around once a week, and you’ll need to scrub between folds and wrinkles. 

Sphynx cats aren’t totally hypoallergenic either, despite popular belief. The fine hair that covers these kitties can potentially cause allergic reactions. However, some doctors will recommend a Sphynx as a pet for people who are allergic only to animal hair.

Sphynx Cat Breed Common Health Issues

As for all kinds of pets, it’s worth noting that Sphynx cats can sometimes come with a few health issues to consider. To ensure that you’re getting the best possible quality of cat, talk to your breeder about any genetic conditions that this feline might be carrying from its parents. 

sphynx cat health

Due to its almost hairless body, the Sphynx cat breed is far more sensitive to sun exposure, so make sure that you keep them out of direct sunlight. It’s also worth taking extra precautions to help these cats stay warm in the winter months too. Your Sphynx might even let you dress it up in a sweater if it’s feeling particularly friendly. 

Aside from temperature issues caused by the coat, Sphynx cats are also prone to things like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is a common heart disease that causes a thickening of the heart muscle. There’s also a risk of periodontal and gum diseases with these cats in some cases. Hereditary myopathy is another possible problem.

Recommended Diets

The Sphynx cat breed, like a lot of their feline friends, love food. You’ll probably notice the occasional Sphynx cat with a pot belly that proves how much he or she likes to eat. You can probably rest assured that this kitty will eat anything you have to offer, but you shouldn’t let them eat just anything. This kind of cat has a high metabolism, but also a very sensitive digestion. 

Small meals are the best way to keep your kitty in great condition throughout the day. Serving food in small doses prevents cats from getting disinterested in their food. Dry cat food will clean your cat’s teeth, but you should also consider brushing them occasionally too. 

Make sure that your Sphynx has plenty of clean water to drink after meals, as they can suffer from dehydration. You may also look into chewy products that help with keeping their gums in good condition. Some Sphynx cat owners believe that a raw diet is the best option for their feline friends – but it’s up to you whether you decide to take this route.

Sphynx Cat - Pros & Cons

sphinx cat


  • Sphynx cats are extremely loving and loyal
  • They’re lots of fun to play with
  • Great for entertainment
  • Get along well with cats and dogs
  • Love snuggling with humans
  • Fewer problems with fur than other breeds
  • No need to worry about shedding


  • They require a lot of grooming
  • Prone to some ailments
  • Not fully hypoallergenic

Some Helpful Facts About The Sphynx Cat Breed

Sphynx cats are a delightful breed to have around your home – perfect for socializing with other pets and humans alike. These cats might look strange, but they act like a cross between a dog and a cat, with exceptional loyalty and affection levels, as well as a unique personality. 

Sphynx cats are four degrees warmer than other cats, but that won’t stop them from snuggling up to you and your pets at any chance they get. Here are some interesting facts about the Sphynx cat breed:

  • They’re from Canada – although there are some historical tales of hairless cats before the Sphynx ever originally appeared.
  • They’re not actually bald – most of the time, they’ll have a very fine layer of fur
  • They come in different colors and patterns – just like any standard cat
  • They need baths on a weekly basis and have very sensitive skin
  • They’re popular with all kinds of pet owners thanks to their friendly nature
  • They eat a lot!

Final Thoughts on the Sphynx Cat Breed

Sphynx cats are some of the most interesting breeds of feline on the market today – and one that you should definitely consider if you’re looking for a friendly cat. These amazing kitties are packed full of personality, and they’ll keep you entertained all day long. 

Whether you’re looking for an alternative to the standard fluff bug that you get with most cat breeds, or you just like the unique look of the Sphynx cat breed, you’re sure to get a great companion.

About the author

Rebekah Carter is a dedicated animal lover. Her Savannah cat, Roscoe, has a lot of attitude, while her Maine Coon, Dukino, is full of love. When not writing, she’s looking after her cats and researching ways to help them live their best possible life. Her passion for animals and natural skill for writing led her to pursue pet blogging.